Economic Importance. In contrast to Agapanthus, a parietal cell is not cut off from the archesporial cell in Allium, Leucocoryne, Miersia, Nothoscordum and Tulbaghia (Wunderlich 1959). (1985) placed Alliaceae in Asparagales together with Hyacinthaceae, Amaryllidaceae and 28 other families. Bot. G Seed with elaiosome. Allioideae into four tribes: Miluleae (with Milula), Allieae, Gilliesieae (with Schickendantziella, Speea, Miersia, Gethyum, Gilliesia, Solaria, Erinna, Trichlora and Ancruma, i.e. Fruit and Seed. Acaulescent or short-stemmed biennial or perennial geophytes; alliaceous odour often present; stem usually swollen and often forming a bulb, tuberous rhizome or rarely a corm, enveloped by sheathing, dry leaves or leaf bases. I Capsule. Guaglianone (1972) included some Nothoscordum with solitary flowers into Ipheion but separated Tristagma. 1. Leaves linear or filiform. See general references. Seeds either rather small, ovoid or ellipsolidal to subglobose (rounded in transection), or larger, angular, semiovoid to semiglobose (triangular in transection), or in Tulbaghia flat. -Alliumis of great economic importance and several species are widely cultivated. Twenty two spp., S Africa. Fruit a loculicidal capsule with few-numerous seeds. I The N, inodorum polyploid complex. 2n = 12, 18,24. The families of flowering plants. 1982. Insects are attracted by the usually showy mass of flowers and by the nectar, which is produced in septal nectaries, and in Allium siculum and A. tripedale in 3 glands at the base of the inner filaments. A number of tropical lily-like plants are also sold, such as the belladonna lily , tuberose (Polianthes), blood lily (Cape tulip), Cornish lily (Nerine), and the Eurasian winter daffodil, Sternbergia. 1.1237 (1877). E, F A. setifolium. (1976). The economic importance of the plants belonging to the Liliaceae family are: Source of Medicine -Aloe vera, Smilax and Colchicine. Am. â¢ Pods and seedsâgreen beans, peas, and lima beans. Style short. Three outer stamens fertile, 3 staminodes or coronar appendices; filaments free or absent 12, - Three or 2 anterior stamens fertile; the posterior are small, staminodial, or absent; filaments united 13, 12. The cylindric leaf is probably primitive in Allium (unlike, e.g. Two spp., Chile. In my backyard vegetable garden, I focus on six vegetable plant families for rotation planning purposes: Alliaceae Family: Includes alliums that grow from bulbs, â¦ E-G A. paradoxumâ¢ E Habit. H, I A. chamaemoly. They have smaller cloves than hardneck varieties, store longer, and are ideal for braiding. Classification of Vegetables. Hardneckgarlic has stronger, more complex flavors and they produce a tall edible flower stalk, called a "scape", in spring. artichoke. Flora of the USSR. Allioideae Engl. The rest of the genera are found in S America, especially in Chile and Argentina. Crosa, 0. Three outer filaments dilated below and with side teeth. Berlin-Dahlem 10:63 (1927). Scape slender. 1-6 and 8 p.p. Erinna Phil, is dubious or extinct. Parsley family is a name which I know you are familiar with. 2n = 12 and 20. Allium species occur in temperate climates of the northern hemisphere, except for a few species occurring in Chile (such as. Tepals united below for 10-65%; filaments free or slightly united below 8, - Lower 25-65% of tepals united, anthers usually included into the tepal tube; filaments free from each other, in 2 series. Krause (1930) divided his Liliaceae subfam. In some species lateral inflorescences also appear. : 32 (1858), nom. Tepals 6, green, united below. rich in a wide variety of thiosulfides, which have been linked . Starch is found in all bulbs or rhizomes studied from the other genera (Nothoscordum, Ipheion, Tulbaghia). Solaria Philippi, Linnaea 29: 72 (1858). 2 n = 16 in most species. In; Engler, A., Prantl, K. Alliaceae J. Agardh, Theoria Syst. Stamens free from each other, inserted in the tube in 2 series; flowers usually solitary; testa pitted. Anthers in 2 whorls, sessile in the tube formed by the perianth or the corona. Zur Frage der Phylogenie der Endos-permtypen bei den Angiospermen, Ã¶sterr. Others are cultivated as ornamentals. Five spp., S Chile and S Argentina. and Pabellonnia by Quesada et al. The chromosomes of Milula spicata (Liliaceae) Kew Bull. Seeds of some Allium species are dispersed by ants (e.g. Many ovules in each cell. In Nothoscordum, embryo-sac development follows the Polygonum type, while in Allium and Leucocoryne the megaspore mother cell undergoes only the first meiotic division and the chalazal dyad cell develops into an bisporic Allium-type embryo sac (Davis 1966). The leaves have an onion-like or garlic-like scent when crushed. Plants produce from one to twelve leaves, most species having linear, channeled or flat leaf blades. Twenty four to 26 spp., Argentina, Central Chile, Bolivia, S Peru, Paraguay, Uruguay and S Brazil. B Opened perianth with stamens. Reduced Monocot Phylogeny of Required Families Ovules anatropous or campylotropous, bitegmic. Most species with alliaceous odour and a tuni-cated bulb. 2 n = 20 and 21. Many alliums have basal leaves that commonly wither away from the tips downward before or while the plant flower, but some species have persistent foliage. Allium ursinum to woods in Europe. Hist. Lower 3050% of tepals united. In Miersia chilensis 2n = 12,20 and 21 were recorded. K. Rahn. Guaglianone, E.R. The flowers are clustered in an umbel at the top of the flowering stem; sometimes the flowers are replaced by â¦ cons. Spathe bracts linear-lanceolate. Flowers 3-40. Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Four species are diploid, six tetraploid and one hexaploid when a set is considered "the basic number". Embryo short and straight, or long and curved. Milula Prain, Ann. Caloscordum Herbert (1844). Inflorescence with 1-many flowers. Amaryllidaceae tribus Allieae Hutchinson (1934). in Juncus). Leucocoryne, - Inner tepals short, obtuse, scalelike; outer lanceolate, almost free; staminodes small. The inner layers of the testa are compressed or collapsed, as is the tegmen. Pedicels not articulate. The scape is often apparently lateral, because the green leaves spring from a lateral shoot or bulb that is to flower the next year. Studies in Allieae II. They may belong to an undescribed genus (Guaglianone 1972). London: MacMillan. The leaves are sessile, and very rarely narrowed into a petiole. Stigma small disk-like. Ztschr. Saponins are recorded from Allium, Nothoscordum, Leucocoryne, Tristagma and Gilliesia, and not recorded as being absent in any species of Alliaceae. Nat. The ovaries are superior, and three-lobed with three locules. A. ursinum and A. triquetrum). These are common and are also the most staple vegetables. Leaves basal, but their sheathing bases may form a flat or terete, sometimes fistular pseudostem. Closely related members of the Alliaceae family, garlic (Allium sativum var. In most cases, both bulb and leaves are edible. Trichlora, 13. S America 4, 3. Scape slender, longer than the leaves. Nothoscordum Kunth, Enum. Alliaceous odour absent. Tristagma Poeppig, Fragm. 9 and 11-14. Leaves are distichous, at least in Milula and some species of Allium (e.g. Less common is A. fistulosum, Welsh onion, and A. chinen$e> rakkyo. Phytochemistry (Hegnauer 1963, 1986). C, D A. verticillatum. Steinmannia Philippi (1884). Plant Life 19: 60-61. Leucocoryne, - Flower zygomorphic; 6 scales between staminal tube and linear tepals. One to 2 flowers, violet-purple, nodding. onion family. Alliaceae. The cultivated Allium. Naturforsch. This odour is released from wounded or decaying tissue only, when alliin, an S-substituted cysteine derivative, under the influence of the enzyme alliinase, is degraded to the water-soluble and strong-smelling allicin, pyruvic acid and ammonia. Style solitary, erect, at apex of ovary or in Allium and Milula Â± gynobasic. 1955. Scape bracts 2, united at one side for about 1/2 their length, at the other for more. Two spp., Peru. Scape very short. (1814). 1975. Tulbaghia L., Mant. Distribution and Habitats. flowers. See general references. Las especies unifloras del gÃ©nero Nothos-cordum Kunth y el gÃ©nero Ipheion Rafinesque de la tribu Allieae (Liliaceae). is a nearly cosmopolitan weed. Stigma capitate. Baker and A. tubiflorum Rendle from E Asia without alliaceous odour, tepals united below and forming a cup, have been placed in a separate genus Caloscordum or in Nothoscordum. Starch has not been found in bulbs of Allium and is replaced by several other carbohydrates, including galactane, raffinose and the inulinelike fructane. Spathe bract 2, free from each other. Filaments often dilated at the base. Corona of 3 or 6 lobes. â¢ Malvaceae (Cotton Family) â Okra [ Group IV ] â¢ Alliaceae (Allium Family) â Onion â Garlic â Leek â Shallot â¢ Chenopodiaceae (Beets Family) â Beets â¢ Umbelliferae (Parsley Family) â Celery â Carrot â Parsnip â Parsley [ Group V ] â¢ Gramineae (Grass Family) â Sweet corn [ Group VI ] â¢ Leguminosae (Pea/Bean Family) â Snap Bean Duyfjes, Belmontia 7: 1-237 (1977), African spp. N. andinum (Poepp.) Inflorescence usually umbel-like, formed of 1 or more contracted helicoid cymes, rarely reduced to a single flower, in one species a spike (Milula). The larva of leek moth (Acrolepia assectella) eats especially the young leaves of Allium ampeloprasum "Porrum". Caryologia 27:403-441. Sinopsis de las especies de Ipheion Raf. However, unlike their fellow allium members such as onion, shallots, garlic, etc., they do not form underground bulbs. (Di Fulvio 1973), 28A-I. Erinna Philippi (1864). â¢ Flowersâcauliflower, broccoli, and. â¢ Vegetable fruitsâtomatoes, eggplant, squash, okra, peppers, and cucumbers. : 32 (1858), nom. D-G Longitudinal sections through a plane of symmetry. In the rhizome-bearing species of Allium the rhizome is covered by thin and fibrous leaf bases only and may be the only storage organ. PI. Tulbaghia, - The closed sheath at base of leaves usually long; rhizome or bulb with or without starch; flowers actinomorphic or zygomorphic; stamens 2-6, free or included in the perianth tube; a corona present or absent; seeds few or many, more or less isodiametric and angular, phytomelan crust thin or relatively thick. Leaves 3-5, linear. Apospory has been recorded for Allium and in Nothoscordum borbonicum and is probably also present in other related species (Guaglianone 1972). Ipheion Raf., Fl. Scape erect after anthesis. Testa with a crust of phytomelan. Cultivated Allium are attacked by many parasites. A, B Allium schubertii . The fruit is a loculicidal capsule, with 2-several seeds in each of the 3 locules. 47: 765-771. 1968. The leaves vary from flat to circular in cross-section and may be hollow, with parallel veins running lengthwise along the blade. D Fruit. Alliaceae were divided into three subfamilies: Allioideae (with Allium and Milula); Tul-baghioideae (with Tulbaghia only); and Gilliesioideae with the rest of the genera here placed in Alliaceae. The larva of the onion fly (Delia antiqua) destroys the bulbs or the young plants of Allium. : t. 1293 (1830); Zoellner, An. G A. funkiifolium, habit. (eds.) Comprising 13 genera and about 600 species; most genera in S America, particularly Chile, the genus Allium with 260-700 species in the northern hemisphere. Ges. Parasites. The Onion Family, Alliaceae, is a family of herbaceous perennial flowering plants. H Habit. (1836). Ipheion uniflorum contains methyl-, propyl-, and ethylalliin. A Habit. Five spp., Chile. The chromosome numbers in the other genera are unknown. Schulze (1980), who studied the pollen of eight genera (Tulbaghia, Allium, Nothoscordum, Ipheioti, Tristagma, Solaria, Miersia and Gilliesia) found it invariably sulcate and reticulate. Alliaceae. The new main bulb appears from the axil of the uppermost leaf; increase bulbs originate in the axils of lower leaves in the old bulb. our genera nos. Stamens 6, all or rarely only 3 fertile, usually attached to the base of the tepals. An eleiosome may be present (Allium triquetrum). (1887). from SE Europe and W Asia with semiinferior ovary, discoid receptacle or the pedicel expanded above, and 2n = 18 have been referred to the genus Nectaroscordum. Spathe bracts unequal. Some species (such as Welsh onion, A. fistulosum) develop thickened leaf-bases rather than forming bulbs as such. Nothoscordum andinum, especie de Liliaceae nueva para la flora argentina. In the facultatively parthenogenetic Allium ramosum the synergids and antipodal nuclei are supposed to fuse in pairs and to give rise to supernumerary embryos: apogamy. A minimum three year rotation among families is advised. 3. The leaf bases often form long, closed sheaths around the younger leaves and the scape (Fig. I Capsule. Milulaceae Traub, Plant Life 28:129 (1972). Seeds many in each cell. A. ampeloprasum), or else apparently spirally arranged. Schickendantzia Speg. In this article: tips and tidbits about onions, garlic, and other members of their family, Alliaceae. H Habit. Download the PDF version. Resurrection of Themidaceae for the Brodiaea alliance, and recircumscription of Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Agapanthoideae. smaller membranous bracts. Endosperm without starch, but with aleuron and fat. C, D A. polyrhizum. Allium cepa "Cepa", onion, is the most commonly cultivated and used as a vegetable or for flavouring food. Alternatively, the chromosomes can be considered combinations of sets with 4 metacentric and sets with 3 metacentric + 2 acrocentric (Crosa 1981). Allium siculum Ucria and A. tripedale Trautv. our genera nos. et al. Chile 12. S Africa 1. (1896) non Pax (1889). PI. Bulb organization in Allium: some species of the section Molium. Trichlora Baker, Hook. The superior ovary placed it in Liliaceae, until Hutchinson (1934), mainly because of the umbellate inflorescence, placed it in Amaryllidaceae. Raphides of calcium oxalate are recorded as being absent in Allium, Milula and Tulbaghia. The onion is a vegetable that, in order to grow well and develop, needs a climate that does not have too many temperature variations. C Habit. Jena, Math.-Nat. Vegetable Seed Production. Zoellnerallium Crosa (1975). A-C Transversal sections at the level of the compitum. latace Philippi (1889). Septal nectaries are probably present in all species (recorded in nine Allium and two Nothoscordum species by Daumann 1970). 27, 28). After a parsimony analysis of rbcL sequences, Fay and Chase (1996) proposed placing Agapanthus in Amaryllidaceae subfam. Milula and most species of Allium have 2n = 16 (but also 2n = 32,14,28 and 18 are found in Allium). Remove the leaves to prevent spreading to other plants. Bot. (Calcutta) 5: 164 (1896). Anthers free from each other, inserted in the tepal tube at 2 levels. (Rome) 34:47-121 (1975), rev. cons. The characteristic alliaceous odour is present in Milula-, in some or most species of Tulbaghia, Allium, Leucocoryne, Ipheion and Tristagma; in one Gilliesia; but noted neither in any species of Nothoscordum, Schickendantziella, Speea, Trichlora, Solaria, nor Miersia. This information is helpful when planning crop rotations. Stemmatium Philippi (1873). Perianth 7-14mm long, forming a tube for about half its length, corona of 3-6 scales or forming a fleshy tube. Vier-teljahrschr. Anthers versatile, basifixed, introrse, opening with longitudinal slits. Acaulescent or short-stemmed biennial or perennial geophytes; alliaceous odour often present; stem usually swollen and often forming a bulb, tuberous rhizome or rarely a corm, enveloped â¦ 73, Beiheft: 126-161. Spathe bracts 2, enclosing the floral buds. Tepals 6, united in lower half. Leaves linear. Fay, M.F., Chase, M.W. Berlin: Borntraeger. Inflorescence a cylindric spike, flower without individual bract. Mus. Miersia, 11. Leek Outer tepals green, lanceolate, free; inner short, scalelike. Some species produce bulbils within the umbels, and in some species the bulbils replace some or all the flowers. In Leucocoryne narcissoides Ravenna (1978) counted 2n = 24, and 2n = 12 or 18 has been recorded in other species of the same genus. R. 29: 595-606. Darwiniana 19: 335-344. ; Pastor 8( ValdÃ©s, Rev. Agapanthoideae. A, B Allium altaicum. N. bivalve (L.) Britton extending to Canada, and N. borbonicum Kunth (= N. gracile auct. In some species of Allium, such as A. vineale, small inflorescence propagules (bulbils) are produced at the base of the pedicels or from transformed gynoecia. In the inflorescence of some species of Allium the flowers may partly be replaced by bulbils. The closed sheaths at base of leaves very short; distinct bulb structures absent; rhizome or tuber containing starch, covered by dead leaves; inflorescence umbellate; flowers actinomorphic; stamens 6, included in the perianth tube; corona fleshy, annular or of 3-6 scales in the throat; seeds many, flat; embryo straight or slightly curved, phytomelan crust rather thin. Chives 5. All or most species are pollinated by insects. 27); the stem is short, often depressed conical and covered by one or several swollen sheathing leaves or leaf bases, externally with dry leaf bases. A. ampeloprasum, "Porrum", leek, has a milder taste and is used as a vegetable. Stamens 6, fertile, filaments free or united, anthers basifixed. 148, 223 ("Tulbagia") (1771), orth. Note differences in style insertion, opening of nectaries, and shape of placentae. Ãsterr. - Onion, garlic, leek, shallots, and chives are all produced by plants in this family. Leaves linear. E Habit. Several species economically important, see above under the family. Mus. Vegetative Morphology. Alliaceous odour in I. uniflorum (Lindl.) Less frequently, Tulbaghiay Notho-scordum> Ipheion and Leucocoryne are used for the same purpose. Bot. Corona absent. Dahlgren, R.M.T. With alliaceous smell. Three spp., Chile. Corona absent or of 6 small violet scales; filaments forming a tube below. The epidermis cells are isodiametic or slightly elongate. Kurtziana 7: 241-253. Inflorescence Structure. Flowers hermaphrodite, usually actino-morphic, zygomorphic in Solaria, Miersia, and Gilliesia. The tribe Allieae contained Allium, Nothoscordum, Tristagma, Steinmannia, Leucocoryne, and all genera now in Themidaceae. Alliaceae synonyms, Alliaceae pronunciation, Alliaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Alliaceae. Characteristic for Alliaceae is the absence of alkaloids, which are regularly found in Amaryllidaceae. Affinities. The seeds are black, and have a rounded shape. Only one sp., Himalayas and Tibet. It was formerly treated as a separate family, Alliaceae. The cultivated species of Allium have been treated by Moore (1954/55). Pedicels slender, often of unequal length. Many are used as food plants, though not all members of the genus are equally flavourful. Plants are perennialized by bulbs that reform annually from the base of the old bulb, or are produced on the ends of rhizomes or, in a few species, at the ends of stolons. Dispersal. Northern hemisphere and S America 2, 2. Ornamental Plants -Lilium, tulips, Gloriosa and Ruscus. 1935). Seeds are flat and elongate with a straight embryo in Tulbaghia. Allioideae Engl. Alliaceae were separated from Amaryllidaceae by having steroidal saponins, superior ovary (like most other Asparagales), and absence of alkaloids. 8 (1833). Speea Loes., Notizbl. Raw onions can be readily available during all the seasons. The Alliaceae or onion family was once included in the monocot family Liliaceae, but is now recognized by many as a separate plant family. Seeds in the other genera are angular and more or less isodiametric, 1.7-4 mm long. Species in the Alliaceae are perennial herbs. Lacticifers have been found in all Alliaceae screened by Sterling and Huang (1972) (Allium, Nothoscordum, Tristagma and Tulbaghia). in all Brassicaceae and within various other families). Four to 12 ovules in each cell. Plant Life 28: 43-46. Das BlÃ¼tennektarium der Monocoty-ledonen unter besonderer BerÃ¼cksichtigung seiner systematischen und phylogenetischen Bedeutung. 80:463-590. Their taste may be strong or weaker, depending on the species. In Tulbaghia the stem or rhizome is more or less swollen and irregularly shaped, tuberous, covered by dry, fibrous leaves; the closed sheath formed at the base is very short. ZÃ¼r. Stamens 6, fertile, filaments united below and enveloping the ovary. Onion introduction & history. Mann, L.K. Edinb. 1985. Two Ipheion species were studied by Crosa (1975); they had chromosomes similar to, but smaller than Nothoscordum, 2n = 20 in I. sessile (4 metacentric and 16 acrocentric) and 2n = 12 in J. uniflorum (2 metacentric and 10 acrocentric). R. BoL Gard. Allium species are herbaceous perennials with flowers produced on scapes. Filaments inserted on the tepals, free from each other or united, often with lateral, dorsal or apical appendices. The onion thrips (Thrips tabaci) does much harm, mainly by transferring virus. FrÃ¶lich, D., Barthlott, W. 1988. Cruciferous vegetables are vegetables of the family Brassicaceae (also called Cruciferae). Spathe bracts 2 or in N. fictile Macbr. Fries) Beauverd from NW Argentina deviate from all other Alliaceae in S America by having the pedicels subtended by individual bracts and by apiculate outer tepals. Plant Life 1978: 130151. Old dried or slightly fleshy leaf bases enveloping the rhizome or corm. 31:77-104 (1978), rev. D Fruit. In the other genera the seeds have a short and thick embryo. Noun 1. Z. Tepals 3, caudate, almost free. BeitrÃ¤ge zur Taxonomie der Liliifloren V. Alliaceae. The Alliaceae probably evolved in adaptation to a long dry season; but a few species are (probably secondarily) adapted to a more humid climate, e.g. ), Brodiaeinae (here in Themidaceae) and Millinae (here in Themidaceae). Sign in|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. TransL. Onion is a biennial or, by means of bulbs, a perennial. Vergleichende Embryologie der Angiospermen. Style short. Wunderlich, R. 1959. : under t. 992 (1826). Hutchinson, F. 1934. Several ovules in each locule. Stigma undivided. 95: 257-269. D Tepals and stamens, the stamens of inner whorl conspicuously appendaged. Corona absent or present as small scales. Every good kitchen is stocked with onions and garlic â how many cooks do you know who cook without them? Capsule truncate. A Habit. Apiaceae Family. Pungent and odorous, onions and their family members sometimes get an undeserved bad rap. Los chromosomas de cinco especies del gÃ©nero Tristagma (Liliaceae). 249-329. Leaves 4-8. Di Fulvio, E. 1973. cons. Gethyum Philippi (1873). Alliaceous odour present. G Seed with elaiosome. Epicu-ticular waxes are arranged in non-orientated platelets (several Allium) or in threadlike, reticulate projections (Ipheion uniflorum and Nothoscordum bivalve); neither the Convallaria type nor the Strelitzia type was found (FrÃ¶lich and. Inflorescence subtended by 2 or less frequently 1 or several, membranous, sometimes Â± united spathe bracts, enveloping the young inflorescence, its branches or individual pedicels sometimes also subtended by. 1. Stamens 3 or 6, inserted in the tepal tube; when 3, then opposite the outer tepals. Vegetative buds produced instead of flowers in some species of Allium. With alliaceous odour. The genus Ipheion, diagnosis, key to species and synonymy. Vol. The inflorescence is subtended by usually 2, less frequently 1 (Milula, some Allium) or more (Nothoscordum fictile and. Nov. Regni Veg. Allium siculum Ucria and A. tripedale Trautv. Leipzig: W. Engelmann. Allium is a genus of perennial bulbous plants that produce chemical compounds (mostly cysteine sulfoxide) that give them a characteristic onion or garlic taste and odour. Z. Vegetative propagation is largely restricted to the formation of increase bulbs. Subdivisions controversial. Daumann, E. 1970. 2:12 (1837). Spathe bracts 2, linear. Alloideae into four tribes: Agapantheae with Agapanthus and Tulbaghia; Miluleae with Milula; Gilliesieae with Trichlora, Speea, Erinna, Solaria, Miersia, Gethyum, Gilliesia and Ancruma, i.e. Ravenna (1978) includes them in Leucocoryne. 2n = 16. Tepals 3+3 (rarely 3 or 3+2), usually similar and petaloid, united at base, almost free, or forming a tube; tepal lobes erect, spreading or recurved. Comprising 434 genera and about 3,700 species, the carrot family (Apiaceae) is a significant group of flowering plants. C Habit. Scientific Name: Allium cepa. Chile, S Argentina 6. Do not plant members of the same family in the same bed or row every year. Family Name: Alliaceae. Darwiniana 23: 361-366. H A. oleraceum, inflorescence with flowers and bulbils. Allium often has seeds with a long embryo, which is curved at 120-180Â°, or the embryo is shorter and then curved at less than 90Â°. These vegetables grow from bulbs, common Allium Vegetables include Garlic, Onions and Shallots. Milula, 5. The flowers have one style and six epipetalous stamens; the anthers and pollen can vary in color depending on the species. The leaves of A. schoenoprasum, chive, and A. tuberosum, Chinese chive, are used for flavouring food, as are the increase bulbs (cloves) of A. sativumy garlic. The 6 tepals united below and forming a tube. Poaceae Family. According to the description, like Leucocoryne, but with smaller flowers and a short tepal tube. You Have The Power To Protect Our Seed Heritage, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood Homoptera Aleyrodidae, 27A-H. Alliaceae. Ãber das Antherentapetum mit besonderer BerÃ¼cksichtigung seiner Kernzahl, Ã¶sterr. Darwiniana 17:159-242. Inflorescence with 1-8 [?] The flowers form an umbel at the top of a leafless stalk. Chrysocoryne Zoellner (non Endl.) Botanically, leek belongs to the Alliaceae family of bulbous plants, in the genus: Allium. Amaryllidaceae tribus Allieae Hutchinson (1934). Depending on the variety, they can besharp, spicy, tangy and pungent or mild and sweet. Ovules 1-10 in each locule, often 2. The leafy part of the stem is short in all species. ALLIACEAE: ONION FAMILY (also Liliaceae or Amaryillidaceae) Onion, garlic, leek, and chive. Only one plant, the type, is known, collected near Santiago de Chile. Taxon 45: 441-451. Hardneck garlic varieties generally can be stored for 4 to 6 months. Softneckgarlic grows in a variety of climates and does not require cold temperatures to grow, making it perfect for regions with mild winters although it also grows well in areas with cold winters. 1972. 4 (Russ. Style slightly trilobed. No corona or scales between stamens and tepals; tepals united below 6, - Staminodes, scales or corona between perianth and fertile stamens 10, 6. Scape curving after anthesis. Fifteen to 20 spp., Chile. Scales or appendices between tepals and stamens, of different origin, often forming a corona. cons. Milulaceae Traub, Plant Life 28:129 (1972). volkmannii (Philippi) Traub has been placed in the monotypic genus Latace, having segments of tepals longer than tube and the 3 functional stamens exserted from the tube. They are monocots, part of order Asparagales . 1928. Common Name: Onion. The leek, Allium ampeloprasum var. Estimated 260-550-690 spp., N Africa, Europe, Asia and N America, especially abundant in Central Asia (Flora USSR has 225 species). Allieae were divided into three subtribes: Alliinae (with Allium, Nectaroscordum, Caloscordum, Steinmannia, Nothoscordum, Leucocoryne, Tulbaghia, Stemmatium and Tristagma, i.e. Inflorescence with 3-7 flowers. A. cepa "Aggregatum", shallot (for which the name A. ascalonicum has been misapplied), is used in a similar way or pickled. The short branches in the inflorescence or the individual pedicels are sometimes also subtended by smaller membranous bracts (most species of Tulbaghia, many Allium and a few Nothoscordum). The inflorescence in, Fig. Tepals 6, free, rarely 5. C, G A. ampeloprasum. The subfamily name is derived from the generic name of the type genus, Allium. Most species of Tulbaghia have 2n = 12 (Vosa 1975). S Chile, S Argentina 11. The sum of the number of acrocentric and twice the number of metacentric chromosomes are multiples of 8. Chile 9. Bulb narrow, tunicated. The lily family, Liliaceae, consists of about 254 (or 15) genera and about 4075 (or 610) known species of flowering plants within the order Liliales.They are monocotyledonous, perennial, herbaceous, often bulbous geophytes.Plants in this family have evolved with a fair amount of morphological diversity despite genetic similarity. Some species with alliaceous odour. Alliums vegetables (Alliaceae family) include, garlic, onion, leek, chive, Welsh onion, among other vegetables. Gard. Bot. Speea, 10. A Habit. Beetles, flies, bees and butterflies are recorded as pollinators of Allium. Pistil organisation in Alliaceae. So far, green onions have not been studied specifically in humans. 1966. Some species with alliaceous odour. Alliaceous odour present or absent. Moore, H.E., Jr. 1954-55. Sterling, C., Huang, S. 1972, Notes on the lactifers of Allium, CÃ¡loscordum, Nothoscordum, Tristagma and Tulbaghia. Stigma capitate or trilobate with a Dry or sometimes Wet (Leucocoryne) surface. Liliaceae subfam. Alliaceous odour recorded. Endosperm with fatty oils and aleuron, but no starch. Allium vegetables are some of the most important veggies in cooking. Miersia Lindley Bot. Acording to Daumann (1970), a cuticula is present in the septal nectaries of Nothoscordum, but not in those of Allium. (1973). The leaves grow from a bulb at the base of the plant. Traub (1963) divided his Amaryllidaceae subfam. Anthers 6, placed in 2 series in the tube, versatile or basifixed, filaments long to absent. The epidermis of the testa has a crust of phytomelan 10-28 jim thick in Allium and Milula, thinner in the other genera. Tepals 6, free, acuminate. (Takhtajan 1982), 29A-G. Alliaceae. The chromosomes are of a size similar to those of Nothoscordum. Tepals 6, united below. Jaccard, P., Frey, A. , store longer, and America, C., Huang, S. 1972, Notes on the.... May belong to an undescribed genus ( Guaglianone 1972 ) here in Themidaceae ) and Millinae ( in., allylalliin, propylalliin, methylalliin and ethylalliin, of different origin, often with lateral dorsal! Genus Ipheion, diagnosis, key to species and synonymy genus Ipheion, but no starch the ;. Plant families and their CHARACTERISTICS Allioideae is a loculicidal capsule, with a dry â¦... Inflorescence of some Allium species occur in temperate climates of the 3 locules epidermis of testa... By bulbils lacticifers have been linked, English dictionary definition of Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Agapanthoideae Vosa 1975 ) young! One plant, the other genera are angular and more than 1.... ( Rome ) 34:47-121 ( 1975 ) cuticula is present, and.. According to the description, like Leucocoryne, but Traub ( 1963a ) changed the name the. Thickened leaf-bases rather than forming bulbs as such with Hyacinthaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Agapanthoideae ) is a cool season that... 164 ( 1896 ) the cylindric leaf is probably also present in other species... 83-198 ( 1978 ), rev produce from one to twelve leaves, most species of Allium from! Outer with margins united below and with side teeth rotation among families advised. 164 ( 1896 ) many parts alliaceae family vegetables Asia, Europe, and absent. Chile 5 be strong or weaker, depending on the species '' ) ( ). Huang, S. 1972, Notes on the lactifers of Allium the flowers one... Most staple vegetables, zygomorphic in Solaria, Miersia, and America microsporogenesis is,... ; and Agapantheae ( with Agapanthus ) Brassicaceae contains some 338 genera and about 3,700 species, the other with..., basifixed, introrse, opening of nectaries, and flat-topped flower clusters known as.. The tube in 2 series ; flowers usually solitary ; testa pitted three locules anthers. 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